No.2 内気な人の力 The power of introverts

TED: Susan Cain: The power of introverts

英語のリスニング向け★★★★★
見ないと後悔する度★★★★★

チャーミングな女性が、内気な人が持っている力について説明しています。
チームプレイが重視されすぎる中、1人で考えることの重要性を話します。

今回の英単語 (40個)
roam around, keg party, rowdy, recite, bunk, mellow, forsake, assertive, reflexively, grandiose, internalize, autonomously, outlier, pass over for, proactive, transformative, lunatic, asylum, yin and yang, transcendent, epiphany, revelation, visceral, ape, correlation, go off by oneself, contemplation, rectitude, unassuming, rabbi, courtly, sway, congregation, intricate, tapestry, podium, poise on the brink, serendipitous, autonomy, grace


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英単語の解答

roam around : 放浪する
keg party : ビールパーティ
rowdy : 騒がしい
recite : 暗唱する
bunk : 寝台
mellow : 丸くなる
forsake : 見捨てる
assertive : 積極的な
reflexively : 反射的に
grandiose : 大げさな
internalize : 自分のものにする
autonomously : 自発的に
outlier : 異常値
pass over for : 昇進を逃す
proactive : 先を見越した
transformative : 改革の力がある
lunatic : 気が狂った
asylum : 保護施設
yin and yang : 陰陽
transcendent : 並外れた
epiphany : ひらめき
revelation : 天啓
visceral : 直感的な
ape : まねる
correlation : 相互関係
go off by oneself: ひとりになる
contemplation : 熟考
rectitude : 公正
unassuming : 控えめな
rabbi : ユダヤ教の先生
courtly : 礼儀正しい
sway : ゆらゆらする
congregation : 集会
intricate : 複雑な
tapestry : タペストリー(織物の工芸品)
podium : 演壇
poise on the brink : 釣り合いを取る
serendipitous : 予期せず見つける
autonomy : 自治
grace : 美しく飾る

英単語の例文

You have the animal warmth of your family sitting right next to you, but you are also free to go roaming around the adventureland inside your own mind.
roam around : 放浪する

Camp was more like a keg party without any alcohol.
keg party : ビールパーティ

So I couldn’t figure out for the life of me why we were supposed to be so rowdy.
rowdy : 騒がしい

I recited a cheer along with everybody else.
recite : 暗唱する

But the first time that I took my book out of my suitcase, the coolest girl in the bunk came up to me and she asked me, “Why are you being so mellow?”
bunk : 寝台
mellow : 丸くなる

But I did forsake them and I didn’t open that suitcase again until I was back home with my family at the end of the summer.
forsake : 見捨てる

I needed to prove to myself that I could be bold and assertive too.
assertive : 積極的な

And I made these self-negating choices so reflexively, that I wasn’t even aware that I was making them.
reflexively : 反射的に

And at the risk of sounding grandiose, it is the world’s loss.
grandiose : 大げさな

We all internalize it from a very early age without even having a language for what we’re doing.
internalize : 自分のものにする

We sat in rows of desks like this, and we did most of our work pretty autonomously.
autonomously : 自発的に

And for the kids who prefer to go off by themselves or just to work alone, those kids are seen as outliers often.
outlier : 異常値

And when it comes to leadership, introverts are routinely passed over for leadership positions.
pass over for : 昇進を逃す

When they are managing proactive employees, they’re much more likely to let those employees run with their ideas.
proactive : 先を見越した

Some of our transformative leaders in history have been introverts.
transformative : 改革の力がある

People could feel that these leaders were at the helm.

He said that such a man would be in a lunatic asylum, if he existed at all.
lunatic : 気が狂った
asylum : 保護施設

We need more of a yin and yang between these two types.
yin and yang : 陰陽

We have known for centuries about the transcendent power of solitude.
transcendent : 並外れた

You will find seekers who are going off by themselves alone to the wilderness where they then have profound epiphanies and revelations that they then bring back to the rest of the community.
epiphany : ひらめき
revelation : 天啓

Even about seemingly personal and visceral things like who you’re attracted to, you will start aping the beliefs of the people around you without even realizing that that’s what you’re doing.
visceral : 直感的な
ape : まねる

There’s zero correlation between being the best talker and having the best ideas.
correlation : 相互関係

Much better for everybody to go off by themselves.
go off by oneself: ひとりになる

Western societies have always favored the man of action over the man of contemplation.
contemplation : 熟考

We still, at that point, valued people for their inner selves and their moral rectitude.
rectitude : 公正

They featured role models like Abraham Lincoln who was praised for being modest and unassuming.
unassuming : 控えめな

My grandfather was a rabbi and he was a widower who lived alone in a small apartment in Brooklyn that was my favorite place in the world when I was growing up, partly because it was filled with his very gentle, very courtly presence and partly because it was filled with books.
rabbi : ユダヤ教の先生
courtly : 礼儀正しい

I mean literally every table, every chair in this apartment had yielded its original function to now serve as a surface for swaying stacks of books.
sway : ゆらゆらする

But he also loved his congregation, and you could feel this love in the sermons that he gave every week for the 62 years that he was a rabbi.
congregation : 集会

He would takes the fruits of each week’s reading and he would weave these intricate tapestries of ancient and humanist thought.
intricate : 複雑な
tapestry : タペストリー(織物の工芸品)

And even away from the podium, when you called him to say hello, he would often end the conversation prematurely for fear that he was taking up too much of your time.
podium : 演壇

We truly are poised on the brink on dramatic change.
poise on the brink : 釣り合いを取る

People come together and serendipitously have an exchange of ideas.
serendipitous : 予期せず見つける

We need much more privacy and much more freedom and much more autonomy at work.
autonomy : 自治

I hope you take these things out every chance you get and grace us with your energy and your joy.
grace : 美しく飾る

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